What are Laboratory Apparatus?
Laboratoray apparatus are the types of equipment required to complete a specific lab task. Whether a lab is any research, school lab or any scientific or technological testing. The below are the common 20 laboratory appartaus and their uses in a chemical lab. Many laboratory equipment are used, but there are some most common that have an essential presence.
Check out the 20 laboratory apparatus and their uses below.
They are made from plastic, glass, borosilicate, or related substances, and topped by special caps. They are used to contain chemicals in liquid or powder form for laboratories.
The burette is utilized in quantitative chemical analysis to measure the volume of a liquid or a gas. Burette has a graduated glass tube with a stopcock (turning plug, or spigot) at one end.
A condenser is used to condense vapors i.e. turns them into liquids by cooling them down. Condensers are used in laboratory operations such as distillation, reflux, and extraction.
It is a laboratory apparatus that is used for the extraction of lipids and other molecules from a solid sample. The extraction apparatus is composed of a condenser, a soxhlet extractor, and a round-bottomed flask.
Flasks are used in many ways such as for making solutions or for holding, containing, collecting, or sometimes volumetrically measuring chemicals, samples, solutions, etc. for chemical reactions or other processes like mixing, cooling, dissolving, heating, precipitation, and boiling.
It is designed for the preparation of small volumes of gases. Kipps apparatus is typically made from glass or polyethylene and consists of three vertically stacked chambers, roughly resembling a snowman.
To measure the volume of a liquid, measuring cylinders are used. It has a narrow cylindrical shape.
Pipettes are used to dispense measured volumes of liquid.
The lab thermometer is used for measuring temperatures other than the human body temperature and the hydrometer is a measuring instrument used to determine the density or the specific weight of liquids.
Tissue processors are used to delivering vacuum and pressure during tissue processing.
A separating funnel is used in liquid-liquid extractions to separate the components of a mixture into two immiscible solvents of various densities.
Sintered glassware is used in the filtration of liquids and gases in the laboratory.
- Still heads/splash heads
It is a valve used to control the flow of a liquid or gas.
Burner produces a single open gas flame and is used for heating, combustion and sterilization. The gas is often natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas, such as propane, butane, or a mixture.
Gas taps are generally used to control the flow of a variety of gases in laboratory applications.
This pendulum is based on the principle that the center of oscillation and center of suspension are interchangeable.
A diffracting spoon is used in chemistry experiments when the burning of phosphorus, sulfur, or another substance is required.
A cork borer is a metal tool that is used for making a hole in a cork or rubber stopper to insert gas tubing.
- Laboratory jacks
Laboratory jacks elevate equipment height to the user’s needs. They are the lifting stages for beakers, flasks, stirrer, or other lab tools. It
- Optical bench
An optical bench is used to observe the image formation. It is used to study thermal radiation.
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